The Arab Spring was a wave of revolutions caused by demonstrations in the Arabic world which started on the 18 December 2010 in Tunisia. So far, only four revolutions have successfully taken place, overthrowing the autonomous governments of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen. The civilians who were fighting in the revolutions wanted their basic human rights, of which several essential freedoms were the most important, including freedom of speech and concerning the censorship of the internet. Some of these four countries, on which we shall mainly focus during this conference, had more problems attaining their rights, and during the long process of fighting against the government many civilians were killed and cities were ruthlessly bombed by the military. The military of the governments who were fighting against their people abused the civilians basic human rights, partially torturing them and causing terror across the country. The effects of the fighting traumatized many civilians and had intense psychological
effects on families who lost their near relatives.
Furthermore, the economy in these countries experienced a drastic regression since trading in these regions was no longer safe and companies refrained from bringing their products into the countries. The tourist branch had its negative experiences too: tourists were no longer willing to go to the countries for vacation seeing as the situation was too unstable and complete security was never granted. One can say that these countries are now freed from oppressing dictatorships, but social and economic problems were two of the many problems which came with their newly achieved freedom.
Questions which ought to be answered during the conference would be, how can we stabilize these countries’ governments, economies, and infrastructures, and what can the United Nations, in their own interest, do to make future revolutions more efficient and let them end in less problematic ways when fighting against autonomous and UN-opposing regimes? What you may want to consider when preparing a resolution is what measures can be taken to ensure social and economic stability in the country on the short- and on the long run, as well as, how one can promote the reconstruction of the through war destroyed areas, aid people who were traumatized through the war and how it is possible to help during the entire reintegration process of traumatized people.
Somalia has a strong need for humanitarian aid, which can only be granted if there is enough security so the aid can safely pass through the country. The people in Somalia have a shortage on nutrition, shelter, and health care. Unfortunately, Somalis have been forced to flee in the past year due to draught and militias, they couldn’t work on creating a sustainable economy through for example agriculture and therefore the food security situation remains precautious.
Regarding the fact that Somalia bitterly needs the help from some kind of external force so any humanitarian aid can be given, thus ensuring the survival of the people, the United Nations is obliged to find a solution as to how exactly all member states, which can afford to aid Somalia in this critical situation, should proceed and how they can secure the lives of the Somalis the same way as for the people living in their own state. It is of utmost importance and urgency that no more civilians have to flee due to abuse of authority by the Kenyan military or insufficient materials and equipment for creating a sustainable economy. To grant them the maximum amount of aid to the country, the Somali military, which was weakened a lot through the past ongoing fights with the pirates, has to be supported, which is possible through several ways.
To contribute to the debate about this topic for BALMUN 2012, you should prepare a resolution which answers questions like: "how can we as the United Nations intervene or assist the Somali government while promoting the basic human rights throughout the country?", "how can we keep external forces from preventing further aid in favor of the Somali people and government?" or "what possibilities does the UN have to enforce security and basic human rights for every Somali and at the same time having to counter a continuous offending non-compensating militant group or external authority-abusing militaries?"